Czech Republic (Ceská republika)
European and, increasingly, American (North and South) and Asian tourists
are discovering this country with history pre-dating the birth of European civilization
and replete with well-preserved
splendid palaces, and
By now, everyone has heard about the
wonders of Prague, its marvelous capital
city. Testifying to this buzz are the huge groups of tourists on the the
Prague's most famous tourists attraction, and thousands of tourists strolling
every day through the thousand-year old
Prague Castle, or Hradcany,
throught the fairy-tale streets of
Strana (The Lesser Quarter, The Little Quarter, The Small Quarter)
the Stare Mesto
(The Old Town) or admiring and photographing the amazingly well preserved
facades of many of its neighborhoods.
Prague, international gateway
to the Czech Republic, is just one highlight of a proper tour of this exciting
little country. A tourism map lists more than 500 independent sites throughout
the Czech Republic, including places on
the UNESCO World Heritage list,
museums of folk architecture,
and the spa towns
are worth a visit.
Beautiful countryside around Prague,
in the north, plentiful nature in
are interesting parts of the Czech Republic.
The Czech Republic, home of over 10 million people, made up by the lands
is a major European tourist center. Its capital,
is one of the most beautiful European cities.
Czech Republic spas, particularly
Karlovy Vary (Carslbad)
Marianske Lazne (Marienbad),
are among world most famous.
Czech is the main language spoken, English and German are other languages
The Czech lands
have traditionally been a strong contributor to
arts and sciences, and Prague
has been an important
cultural center for over thousand years.
The Czech Republic comprises the former provinces of
Bohemia, Moravia, and
Silesia, together often
the Czech Lands.
Slovakia in the east,
Austria in the south,
Germany in the west, and
Poland in the north.
is the capital and largest
city. In addition to the capital, major cities include
Ostrava, Plzen (Pilsen),
81% of the people are
small minorities of
From October 28, 1918 to Dec. 31, 1992, the Czech Republic was part of
Czechoslovakia, a federal state in which
Slovakia was the other half.
The Czech Republic consists of several distinct physical regions. In the
Western part of the country are the
Bohemian Highlands, bordered
on the northeast by the
Sudeten Mountains, by the
(Krusne hory) on the northwest, and on the west by
the Bohemian Forest (Cesky les)
Mountains. The Moravian Lowlands
occupy the eastern
section of the republic.
The highest elevation is Mount
Snezka peak (1,602 m/5,256 ft)
The principal rivers are
the Labe (Elbe),
and the Becva.
The mean average temperature ranges from 8 degrees to 10 degrees C (46 degrees
to 50 degrees F). Winters are generally not too cold, usually with only a few
days of subfreezing weather. Summers are moderately warm, maximum temperatures
reach about 27 degrees C (80 degrees F).
Sizable forests consist mostly of evergreen trees such as spruce and fir,
mixed in lower-lying areas with deciduous trees such as oak, beech, birch, and
linden. Rabbits, deers, foxes, squirrels, weasels, and muskrat are found in
forested areas. Bears, and lynx live mostly in animal preserves. Partridge,
doves, pheasant, wild geese, blackbirds, swallows, and storks are abundant.
The most common fish are carp, trout, pike, and perch.
have made enduring contributions to their fields.
Most visitors to the country head for the capital, Prague (http://www.BoutiqueBB.com/CzechRepublic/Prague/),
with its extraordinarily rich heritage of historic buildings and virtually intact
medieval city center. But it would be a mistake to assume that Prague (http://www.BoutiqueBB.com/CzechRepublic/Prague/)
is the only interesting place in the whole country. Czech Republic, with its
rich architectural and cultural heritage, has a lot more to offer.
romantic countryside, tourists
friendly mountains, with thousands of extraordinary
world-famous spas, offering regeneration,
relaxation and cures to various illnesses as a bonus to "the nineteenth
century elegant, opulent lifestyle, modernized by the twentieth century liberalism",
food with surprising
beers in the world",
to the excellent, modestly priced
known only to a few.
One of the features of
areas is that sampling
the product becomes a bit of a ritual; here it's made more interesting by the
distinctive small household
wine cellars, or vinne sklipky.
Some are partially underground, some are more like huts, some constitute
virtually a "wine village".
The Czech Republic has also a rich
Prague was a major European musical
center in the 18th century, represented by classical composers such as
Myslivecek (1737-81), Jan Ladislav
19th century Czech music was created by
Bedrich Smetana, who,
using folk sources and his own inspiration, almost single-handedly created a
modern Czech musical style and
work combined cosmopolitanism with nationalism, emerged as one of the most renowned
composers of his day.
Leos Janacek, whose
creative period came after 1900, had a unique style based on the speech patterns
of his native district of
in the romantic nationalist tradition were
(1850-1900) and, somewhat later,
During the 1920s and 1930s many Czech composers, notably the
were attracted to
music. A more conservative
figure from this period was the French-influenced cosmopolitan Bohuslav Martinu.
John Huss (Jan Hus),
(Comenius), Jan Neruda,
Capek, Jaroslav Hasek,
Vaclav Havel, filmmakers
& Werich, Borivoj Zeman,
Weiss, Jiri Trnka,
Krska, Laterna Magica
by the brothers Alfred
Klos, Zbynek Brynych,
Helge, Ester Krumbachova,
Jires, Vojtech Jasny,
Closely Watched Trains
in the 60s and
in the 90s, the Czech cinema
has won international awards and reached world audiences.
Although it doesn't have many Nobel prize winners, Czech science has many
inventions to its credit. Examples include the infamous
which can see what other radars cannot see. Another achievement is the discovery
and development of
was awarded The Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1959. And few people realize that
it was the Czech scientist
who invented contact lenses.
Jan Evangelista Purkyne,
the father of genetics, and other world famous scientists worked or were born
in what is now the Czech Republic.
Czech architecture, particularly spectacular
famous, but only the informed few know that
of Virgin Mary, 882-884, was the oldest stone building in
The Prague Castle
(Prazsky Hrad) is the
largest ancient castle in the world. Founded in the 9th century, the complex
of buildings now occupies 18 acres.
The Cubist movement, which revolutionized
the art world in the early twentieth century, was largely restricted to painting
and sculpture in Western Europe. However, in
heights not only in painting and sculpture, but also in architecture and the
is unquestionably the
most complete realization of the cubist movement in the arts.
of this unique architectural
style could be seen in Prague
which replaced in
the cubist architecture,
was so modern, that buildings erected more than seventy years ago compare favorably
with best examples of present architecture.
Penzijni ustav (General Pensions Institute), 1929-1933,
one of the first air-conditioned buildings in Europe, is a classic example of
Bohemian Functionalist architecture.
Typical Czech invention -
Magika (Magic Lantern) a skilled combination of projections, movable screens and stage props, uniting
film and theater, mime and dance into one extraordinary stage experience, is
admired around the world.
What foreigner tourists say about the Czech Republic
My husband loves it.
A Sea of White.
Best beers in the world.
Excellent hiking and cycling paths.
Interesting folklore, excellent food and beers, good wines.
Magnificent castles and interesting old towns.
The Hotel Marriott was excellent, very nice and clean. We ate dinner there
two nights because the food was so good. It cost about 1430 kc ($50) for both
dinners with a bottle of wine, coffee and desert.
It's a good time to be there.
What international media is saying about the Czech Republic:
One of the world's premier tourist destinations. Unspoilt medieval city centers
are on the
Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk
You can get anything in the Czech Republic - from a Mac to a lady of
There are many lager beers
available, including the original (real thing)
Pilsen (Pilsener) beer
Charming country with many castles
and small towns as well.
One of the most popular travel destinations in Europe.
The country possesses an immense number of fascinating
and other architectural
gems. It has always been known for its
and there are an enormous number of all types of
from. Best of all, the
are an extremely hospitable people, eager to make one's visit as enjoyable as
Top tourist destination.
Hilly, picturesque country.
Rich in ancient
as well as beautiful scenery.
Gorgeous Renaissance and Baroque houses and palaces.
Wooded, rolling hills.
Thousands of miles of
castles and interesting
The jewels of ancient architecture in the Bohemian cities remain in their
original, pristine condition. The most important of these is the golden city
Prague, one of the most beautiful
cities of Europe.
Bohemia is a tourist paradise in it's own
right and offers lovely
castles and picturesque
wooded hills and
is a treasure of old houses and a cathedral, but the real reason for the visit
is to see the unusual
"Bone Church". In it many
of the decorative features are made of human bones, including a massive chandelier.
This is a country where, in the twentieth century, it was possible to be
born in the
Empire, enter grammar
Czechoslovakia, go to high
Germany, work in the
then retire in
Czechoslovakia and die
in the Czech Republic-all without ever leaving.
One of the most prosperous and democratically free countries in Europe during
the period between the world wars.
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